Roman Events Timeline

This timeline is based on Ancient Rome from the Earliest Times Down to 476 A.D., by Robert F. Pennell (1890). The selection of dates includes the fall of Rome after the sack of Rome by the Vandals, instead of the conventional date of AD 476 supported by Edward Gibbon.

753. Foundation of Rome by Romulus.
753-510. Regal Period.
753-716. Romulus.
716-673. Numa Pompilius.
673-641. Tullus Hostilius.
640-616. Ancus Marcius.
616-578. Tarquinius Priscus.
578-534. Servius Tullius.
534-510. Tarquinius Superbus.
510-30. The Republic.
509. Battle of Lake Regillus.
508. Porsena. Horatius Cocles.
494. Tribuni Plebis. Menenius Agrippa.
492. Corioli. Coriolanus.
477. Destruction of the Fabian Gens.
458. War with the Aequians. Cincinnatus.
451. The Decemviri. Appius Claudius. Virginia (Verginia).
396. Capture of Veii. Camillus.
390. Siege of Rome by Brennus. Battle at the Allia River (July 18).
387. The planting of the first military or Latin colonies.
367. The Licinian Rogations.
353. Caere: the first Municipium.
343-341. First Samnite War.
340-338. The Latin War.
338. Antium, the first Roman or maritime colony.
326-304. The Second Samnite War.
321. The Caudine Forks.
312. Construction of the Appian Way.
298-290. The Third Samnite War.
295. Sentinum.
283. Lake Vadimonis.
281-272. Pyrrhus.
280. Heraclea. Cineas.
279. Asculum.
274. Beneventum.
272. Rome mistress of Italy; morality at its height.
264. Period of foreign conquest begins.
264-241. First Punic War.
260. Lipara; Mylae.
257. Tyndaris.
256. Ecnomus. Regulus at Clupea.
249. Drepana.
241. Aegatēs Insulae naval battle with C. Lutatius Catulus. Hamilcar Barca.
237. Sardinia and Corsica acquired, and provincial system established.
229. Illyrican War. Important results.
222. Gallia Cisalpina acquired by Battle of Telamon.
220. Hannibal in Spain.
219. Saguntum.
218-202. Second Punic War.
218. Ticinus. Trebia.
217. Trasimenus. Casilinum.
216. Cannae.
212. Capture of Syracuse. Archimedes.
207. Baeculae. Metaurus.
202. Zama.
214-205. First Macedonian War.
204. Cult of Magna Mater introduced.
200-197. Second Macedonian War.
198. Cynoscephalae.
190. Magnesia.
186. Bacchanalia suppressed.
183. Death of Africanus, Hannibal, and Philopoemen.
171-168. Third Macedonian War.
168. Pydna.
149-146. Third Punic War.
149. Death of Cato the Elder.
146. Destruction of Carthage and Corinth.
143-133. The Numantine War.
134-132. The Servile War.
133. Tiberius Gracchus.
129. Death of Africanus the younger.
123-121. Gaius Gracchus.
118-104. The Jugurthine War. Metellus. Marius. Sulla.
102. Aquae Sextiae.
101. Vercellae.
90-89. The Italian or Social War.
86. Death of Marius.
86-84. Sulla’s campaign against Mithradates.
84. Death of Cinna.
80. Reforms of Sulla.
78. Death of Sulla.
80-72. Sertorius in Spain.
73-71. Spartacus.
72-67. Lucullus campaigns against Mithradates.
67. Pompey conquers the pirates.
67-61. Pompey in the East.
63. Cicero Consul. Catiline.
59. First Triumvirate formed. Caesar’s first Consulship.
59. The Leges Juliae. Clodius. Cicero’s banishment. Cato sent to Cyprus.
58-49. Caesar in Gaul.
57. Recall of Cicero. Return of Cato.
53. Death of Crassus. Murder of Clodius. Pompey’s consulship and
52. Pompey’s separation from Caesar.
49. Caesar crosses the Rubicon.
49. Siege and capture of Ilerda.
48 (Jan. 4). Caesar sails from Brundisium.
48. Victory of Pompey near the sea-board.
48 (Aug. 9). Pharsalia. (Sept 28) Murder of Pompey. Cleopatra on the throne of Egypt.
47. Battle of Zela.
47 (Sept.). Caesar returns to Rome.
46 (Apr. 4). Thapsus. Death of Cato the younger.
45 (Mar. 17). Munda.
44 (Mar. 15 [The Ides of March])= Murder of Caesar.
43 (Nov. 27). The Second Triumvirate.
43 (Dec.) Murder of Cicero.
42 (Nov.). Philippi.
36. Naulochus.
31 (Sept. 2). Actium.The Roman Empire
30 BC- AD 41. The Julian Emperors.

  • 30-14. – Augustus.
  • 14-37. – Tiberius.
  • 37-41. – Caligula.
41-68. The Claudian Emperors.

  • 41-54. – Claudius.
  • 54-68 – Nero.
68-69. Galba.
69. Otho. Vitellius.
69-96. The Flavian Emperors.

  • 69-79. – Vespasian.
    79. Destruction of Jerusalem.
  • 79-81. – Titus.
    80. – Destruction of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
  • 81-96. – Domitian.
96-180. The 5 Good Emperors.

  • 96-98. – Nerva.
  • 98-117. – Trajan. Limit of Empire reached.
  • 117-138. – Hadrian.
  • 138-161. – Antoninus Pius.
  • 161-180. – Marcus Aurelius.
180-192. Commodus.
192-284. From Pertinax to Diocletian.

Basically:
193 Pertinax
193 Didius Julianus
193 – 194 Pescennius Niger
193 – 197 Clodius Albinus
193 – 211 Septimius Severus
198/212 – 217 Caracalla
217 – 218 Macrinus
218 – 222 Elagabalus
222 – 235 Severus Alexander
235 – 238 Maximinus
238 Gordian I and II
238 Balbinus and Pupienus
238 – 244 Gordian III
244 – 249 Philip the Arab
249 – 251 Decius
251 – 253 Gallus
253 – 260 Valerian
254 – 268 Gallienus
268 – 270 Claudius Gothicus
270 – 275 Aurelian
275 – 276 Tacitus
276 – 282 Probus
282 – 285 Carus Carinus Numerian
284-305. Diocletian.
306-337. Constantine the Great.
337. Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans become emperor.Shapur II of Persia begins a war with the Roman Empire.
312. Edict of Milan.
325. Council of Nicea.
337-476. From Constantine to Romulus Augustulus.
395. Death of the Emperor Theodosius died.The empire was re-divided into an eastern and western part.Alaric, king of the Goths, wages war with the Roman Empire.
410. Alaric led the Goths in a sack of Rome
Alaric I, king of the Visigoths died.Emperor Honorius left the Romans in Britain to fend for themselves.
455 Vandals under Gaiseric sack Rome.
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