Roman Gods & Goddesses and Personifications

“This table of gods and goddesses of the indigenous Latin religion is something that developed over the years as part of a fiction writing project I was involved with. It occurs to me now that it is far more complete than any other such listing I have ever encountered. So, I offer it to you, for whatever use you can put it to.” (Gregory Flood)

Table of the Roman Gods and Goddesses

Roman God Sphere of Operation Name M/F Misc. Data
Abundance Copia F
Abundance Porus M
Abundance Volumnus M
Action Agenor M
Aids in strenuous work; also healing Strenia F Old Sabine goddess; temple on the Via Sacra; also oversees distribution of new year’s gifts
Aids the weary Fessonia F
Boundaries Terminus M Very old and important deity; his festival, the Terminalia, was in February; landowners sacrificed at the boundary stones of their property
Civic: spirit of the Palatine Palatua F Identified with Pales
Civic: welfare of the state Salus F
Commerce, Weights and Measures Castor & Pollux M Greek imports but very important and ubiquitous
Communications; doors; the harbor Portunus; Portumnus M Appears in the Aeneid
Council; good advice Consus M
Death Tarpeia F
Death: funerals Larenta F
Death: funerals Libitina F Register of the dead is kept at her temples
Death: funerals Naenia F Especially funerals of the aged
Death: power over life and death Genita-Mana F Name means “Birth-Death”
Discord Ate, Discordia F Daughter of Nox, goddess of evil, exiled from Olympus by Jove; sister of Nemesis, the Parcae and Death
Disease Verminus M Name means “wormy”
Disease: fever Febris F
Disease: stenches that produce illness: swamps and sewer Mefitis F
Disease: the itch Scabies F
Doors; beginnings and endings; Janus M Major deity; see Terminus, Portunus
Emotion: Alarm Pavor M Child of Mars
Emotion: dispels mental anguish Volupia F
Emotion: family harmony Verplaca F Families reconciled at her temple on the Palatine
Emotion: fear Pallor F Child of Mars
Emotion: inspiration Stimula F
Excrement Caca F Ministered to by the Vestals
Fertility Nerio F Consort of Mars; old Sabine goddess
Flowers Flora F Gave magic flower to Juno so she could conceive Mars without a father; joyful Floralia in March w/ theater, games
Food Edesia F
Food: apples Pomona F Entire month of September was sacred to her; festival participants decked out in flowers
Food: baking Fornax F “Oven”; festival of the Fornacalia celebrated in February; also call the “Festival of the Stupid”
Food: beverages Bibesia F
Food: fruit, abundance of Frutesca F
Food: honey Mellona F
Food: the grindstone Molae F Daughter of Mars; Worshipped by millers
Fraud and deception Fraus F A young woman with hidden deformities and a snake’s tail; daughter of Orcus and Nox
Healing Caia Caecilia F Deified mortal princess Tanaquil
Healing Meditrina F Sister of Hygeia, daughter of Aesculapius; restored health, whereas Hygeia preserved health; festival in October
Healing Minerva Medica F Goddess of physicians; Greek Athena
Healing Valentia F Umbrian town of Oriculum
Healing: especially of poison Angitia F Sister of Circe and Medea; sacred grove on Lake Fuscinus where both poisonous snakes and medicinal herbs were found
Healing; prophecy; water: river god Clitumnus M Umbrian
Highway bandits Furrina F Festival at the end of June
Home: hinges Cluerca or Carda F Originally a nymph and virgin huntress; fooled would-be suitors by sending them ahead of her into a cave and then disappearing; couldn’t fool Janus who could see in both directions; he made her a goddess
Home: lintels Limentinus M
Home: thresholds Forculus M
Home: Weaving Lina F
Horses Epona F
Industry and Silence Agenoria F
Journeys Adeona F
Kindness, good will, the Etruscan federation Voltumna F
Landscape: groves Nemestrinus M Mentioned only by Arbonius
Landscape: hills and downs Collatina F
Landscape: nature Sylvanus M Frightening deity, sometimes beneficent
Landscape: old nature god Picus M Son of Saturn; Father of Sylvanus; So beautiful all who saw him fell in love; “woodpecker”
Landscape: the earth Tellumo F Very old god
Landscape: trees, orchards, woods Feronia F Goddess who tames what is wild; frees slaves
Landscapes: the valleys Vallonia F
Lares, Mother of, wife of Mercury Lara F Mother by Jupiter; an Etruscan goddess
Luck Bonus Eventus F Affected single events, not the course of a life
Marriage Jugatinus M Also mountain ridges
Marriage: brings the bride into the house Domitius; Domidius M
Marriage: courtship Juga F
Marriage: Honeymoon Subigus M Tutelary god of the wedding night
Marriage: honeymoon; loosens the bride’s girdle Cinxia F
Marriage: keeps the couple together Manturnae F
Marriage: mutual Love and tenderness Anteros M
Mediator between gods and humans Soranus M Health, purification,

savage, ecstatic rites

Money Pecunia F
Money: metal coins Aesculanus M
Monster Cacus M Three-headed, fire-breathing monster killed by Hercules in fight over some of Geryon’s cattle
Monster Volta M Volsciian monster; depicted in Etruscan art as daemonic entity with wolf’s head
Moon Luna F
Night Noctornus M Perhaps same as Vesper or Nox
Numbers Numeria F
Nymph Carmenta F Mother of the Camenae; aka Postverta
Nymph Egeria F A Camena
Oaths Fidius Dius; Sanctus Saber; Semipater M
Oaths Semo Sancus M Old Latin deity; see Fides in Virtues & Personifications
Openings of roads and towns Panda F
Persuasion Suadela F
Pleasure: Beauty Hora F
Pleasure: Coition Perfica F
Pleasure: Laziness Mercia F
Pleasure: Leisure and Repose Vacuna F Festival in December
Pleasure: Lust Libentina F
Pleasure: Night life Comus M
Pleasure: Sensuality Voluptas F
Prayer Peta F
Protectress of things purified by ritual Lua F Wife of Saturn
Protects from enemies, drives them away Pellonia F
Protects from evil, envy, black magic, demons, illness Fascinus M
Punishment Poena F
Reputation, rumor Fama F A troublesome goddess, mixes truth and falsehood
Sewers Cloacina F “The Purifier”
Silence (or change) Muta / Tacita F
Singing Camoena F
Slavery: freedom and manumission Libertas F Cats are dear to her
Stars: Morning star Lucifer M/F
Thieves and Impostors Laverna F Had an altar and sanctuary grove on the Aventine where thieves hid and prayed to her for the appearance of honesty
Time: the cycling year Anna Perenna F Ovid tells of how she was go-between when Mars wooed Nerio; substituted herself, an old crone, for Nerio at the assignation; festival on Ides of March at which people drank as many glasses of wine as years they wished to live
Time: the future Antevorta F
Time: the month of March Mamurius Veturius M “The old man of March,” expelled during the March festival
Time: the past Postvorta F
Time: the seasons; ruler of trade and produce Vertumnus M Connection to the seasons may be spurious; husband of Pomona; festival in October
Time: winter solstice; also suffering and silence Angerona F
Tolerance and Mercy Clementia F
Travel: Protects ocean voyagers; also goddess of the dawn; aids in childbirth Mater Mutata F Matralia (summer solstice) in July where women acted out the role of the goddess
Underworld Veiovis; Vediovis M Not really like Pluto
Underworld: Ghosts Mania F Grandmother of Ghosts; probably Etruscan; sacrificed to with poppy heads and garlic
Underworld; protected internal organs; white magic; protected the exterior of houses Carna F also protected the state; quelled evil or traitorous thoughts; a virgin deified after Janus violated her; festival in June when bacon and beans were consumed
Unknown Hersilia F Sabine wife of Romulus, deified by Juno
Unknown Falacer M Deified Italic hero; had an established priesthood and temple in Rome; absolutely nothing is known about him
Unknown Feretris M
Unknown Lapis ? “Stone”
Unknown Larenta F May have been the she-wolf who suckled Romulus and Remus; may have been goddess of prostitutes
Virginity Daphne F
Voice, disembodied Aius Locutius ? Divine voice that warned Rome that the Gauls were attacking; chapel and altar on the Via Nova
Voice, disembodied Canens F Wife of Picus, mother of Faunus; after Circe transformed Picus into a woodpecker, Canens called his name until she wasted away to just a voice
War; sister of Mars Bellona F Carried a whip; snakes for hair; initiated war by pitching a spear into the enemy country; temple had no doors; spear thrown over the column of war; priests mutilated selves, offered blood; festival in June w/ races between boys and men
Water Neverita F Wife of Neptune
Water: Albula, a sulfurous river; a grove goddess residing in a spring at Tibur Albunea F Prophetic; Varro calls her a sibyl; “the white”
Water: hot springs of Abona Abonius M
Water: ocean deeps Salacia F Wife of Neptune
Water: ocean shallows Venelia F Wife of Neptune
Water: springs Fons F Her festival, the Fontinalia, in October when the springs begin to flow again after the summer heat
Water: springs Juturna F A Camena; lover of Janus
Water: the Tiber Volturnus M aka Tiberinus
Weather: lightning Fulgora F
Weather: Nocturnal thunderstorms Summanus M
Women: menstruation Fluonia F
Women: protects virginity Pertunda F
Youth, young men of Rome Juventas M

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