60 Big Ancient Events in World History

Also see Annotated Table of the Eras of Ancient History

4TH MILLENNIUM BC
1 3200 Civilization began at Sumer.
3RD MILLENNIUM BC
2 2560 Great Pyramid at Giza.
2ND MILLENNIUM BC
3 1900-1300 The Minoan Period – Crete.
4 1795-1750 Hammurabi conquered Mesopotamia.
5 1200 Fall of Troy
1ST MILLENNIUM BC
6 995 King David captures Jerusalem.
8th Century BC
7 780-560 Greeks colonize Asia Minor.
8 776 1st Ancient Olympics.
9 753 Founding of Rome.
7th Century BC
10 621 Draco’s Law Code.
11 612 Nineveh captured; the end of the Assyrian Empire.
6th Century BC
12 594 Solon govern Athens.
13 588 Nebuchadnezzar captures Jerusalem. Jewish exile.
14 585 Thales predicts a solar eclipse.
15 546-538 King Cyrus of Persia captures Lydia; frees the Jews in Babylon.
16 509 Roman Republic.
17 508 Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
5th Century BC
18 499 Greek city-states revolt against Persian rule.
19 492-449 Persian Wars
20 490 Battle of Marathon
21 480 Thermopylae
22 479 Salamis and Plataea
23 483 Buddha (Gautama) dies.
24 479 Confucius dies.
25 461-429 Age of Pericles and 431-404 Peloponnesian War
4th Century BC
26 371 Battle at Leuctra – Sparta defeated.
27 346 Peace of Philocrates – End of Greek independence.
28 336 Alexander The Great rules Macedonia
29 334 Battle of Granicus – Alexander the Great defeats the Persians.
30 333 Battle of Issus – Alexander the Great defeats the Persians.
31 331 Battle of Gaugamela – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III, King of Persia.
3rd Century BC
32 276 Eratosthenes estimates the Earth’s circumference.
33 265-241 First Punic War / 218 – 201 BC 2nd Punic War – Hannibal / 149-146 Third Punic War
34 221 Great Wall of China building Begins.
35 215-148 The Macedonian Wars.
36 206 Start of the Han Dynasty.
2nd Century BC
37 135 The first Servile War
38 133-123 The Gracchi.
1st Century BC
39 91-88 The Social War
40 89-84 The Mithridatic Wars – between Mithridates of Pontus and Rome.
41 60 Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar form the 1st Triumvirate.
42 55 Caesar invades Britain.
43 49 Caesar crosses the Rubicon.
44 44 Ides of March (March 15) Caesar assassinated.
45 43 2nd Triumvirate – Mark Antony, Octavian and M Aemillius Lepidus.
46 31 Battle of Actium. Augustus (Octavian) is 1st Roman Emperor.
47 c. 3 Birth of Jesus.
1st Century AD
48 9 Teutoberg Forest Disaster.
49 64 Rome Burns under Nero.
50 79 Mount Vesuvius Erupts covering Pompeii and Herculaneum.
2nd Century AD
51 122 Hadrian’s Wall building begins.
3rd Century AD
52 212 Edict of Caracalla – Citizenship granted entire Roman Empire.
53 284-305 Age of Diocletian and the division of
Rome.
4th Century AD
54 313 Decree of Milan legalizes Christianity in the Roman Empire.
55 324 Constantine the Great new capital at Byzantium (Constantinople)
56 378 Vandals win the Battle at Adrianople.
5th Century AD
57 410 Visigoths sack Rome.
58 451 Attila the Hun wins at Chalons,invades Italy, but withdraws and dies (453)
59 455 Vandals sack Rome.
60 476 Western Roman Empire ends -Emperor Romulus Augustulus is removed from office.

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