Here are some basics on Julius Caesar:
- His parents were Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta.
- He was born (not by caesarean section), in Rome, on about July 13, 100 B.C. It might have been the 12th and could have been as early as 102 B.C.
- Julius Caesar married three times: (1) Cornelia, (2) Pompeia, and (3) Calpurnia.
- He started a civil war in Rome when he crossed the Rubicon, by leading his troops in January of 49 B.C., across the Rubicon, a river (location debatable) separating Cisalpine Gaul from Italy.
- He became dictator. Whether you call him dictator for life or something else, he was dictator perpetuus.
- He was assassinated by senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus, on the Ides of March: March 15, 44 B.C.
- He probably had a son named Caesarian, but with Cleopatra the boy’s mother, Caesarian was unfit to serve as heir. Instead, Caesar selected his great-nephew, Octavian. This Octavian became the first Roman emperor, known as Augustus or Caesar Augustus, especially in Gospel passages.