Julius Caesar Background Basics

Did Caesar Say It or Didn't He?

Here are some basics on Julius Caesar:

  1. His parents were Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta.
  2. He was born (not by caesarean section), in Rome, on about July 13, 100 B.C. It might have been the 12th and could have been as early as 102 B.C.
  3. Julius Caesar married three times: (1) Cornelia, (2) Pompeia, and (3) Calpurnia.
  4. He started a civil war in Rome when he crossed the Rubicon, by leading his troops in January of 49 B.C., across the Rubicon, a river (location debatable) separating Cisalpine Gaul from Italy.
  5. He became dictator. Whether you call him dictator for life or something else, he was dictator perpetuus.
  6. He was assassinated by senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus, on the Ides of March: March 15, 44 B.C.
  7. He probably had a son named Caesarian, but with Cleopatra the boy’s mother, Caesarian was unfit to serve as heir. Instead, Caesar selected his great-nephew, Octavian. This Octavian became the first Roman emperor, known as Augustus or Caesar Augustus, especially in Gospel passages.