Augustus Caesar Background Basics

Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century. Till Niermann CC BY-SA 3.0, courtesy of Wikipedia.
Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century.
Till Niermann CC BY-SA 3.0, courtesy of Wikipedia.

Here are some basics on Caesar Augustus:

  1. A fuller version of his name is Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus. He is often called Octavian.
  2. Born in Rome, he lived from September 23, 63 B.C.- August 19, A.D. 14.
  3. His parents were Gaius Octavius and Atia Balba Caesonia.
  4. His wives were Clodia Pulchra, Scribonia, and Livia Drusilla.
  5. Octavian was the grand-nephew and posthumously adopted son of Julius Caesar (assassinated in 44 B.C.).
  6. In 27 B.C., Octavian became Augustus, having restored order.
  7. He was princeps “first”. We get the word “prince” from this, but he wasn’t prince, just first among equals.
  8. Thus, he started the principate which is a term used to describe the earlier half of the period known as the Roman Imperial period. (The second half is known as the dominate.)