Here are some basics on Caesar Augustus:
- A fuller version of his name is Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus. He is often called Octavian.
- Born in Rome, he lived from September 23, 63 B.C.- August 19, A.D. 14.
- His parents were Gaius Octavius and Atia Balba Caesonia.
- His wives were Clodia Pulchra, Scribonia, and Livia Drusilla.
- Octavian was the grand-nephew and posthumously adopted son of Julius Caesar (assassinated in 44 B.C.).
- In 27 B.C., Octavian became Augustus, having restored order.
- He was princeps “first”. We get the word “prince” from this, but he wasn’t prince, just first among equals.
- Thus, he started the principate which is a term used to describe the earlier half of the period known as the Roman Imperial period. (The second half is known as the dominate.)