Alexander the Great Background Basics

Art and Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. "Tomb erected at Ecbatana for a favorite of Alexander the Great." The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1785. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-0f38-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99
Art and Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. “Tomb erected at Ecbatana for a favorite of Alexander the Great.” The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1785. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-0f38-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

Here are some basics on Alexander the Great:

  1. He was born around July 20, 356 B.C., in Pella, Macedon.
  2. Although there was discussion of divine paternity, it is usually accepted that he had a mortal father, King Philip II of Macedon.
  3. Alexander’s mother was Olympias, daughter of King Neoptolemus I of Epirus.
  4. He became king after his father was assassinated in 336 B.C.
  5. Roxane, Statiera, and Parysatis are given as Alexander’s “wives” — whatever that term means.
  6. Alexander died in 323 on July 10/11 in Babylonia. We don’t know for sure the cause of death.
  7. His two sons were killed before they reached adulthood, so he was succeeded by some of his leading followers.

Art and Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. “Tomb erected at Ecbatana for a favorite of Alexander the Great.” The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1785. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-0f38-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99